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With limited population-level research, myths about smoking cessation persist. Research from the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS) has improved our understanding of smoking cessation in the general population. Key facts and findings are summarized in this report, including the frequency and number of quit attempts, the duration and effectiveness of cessation medications, trajectories of smoking, and the effectiveness of population-level initiatives on cessation behaviours.
In collaboration with public health units, OTRU conducted an evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act outdoor smoking regulations that banned smoking on restaurant/bar patios, playgrounds and sports fields effective January 1, 2015. Findings suggest that smoking behaviour and exposure to secondhand smoke decreased within the first year of implementation at all affected venues. Compliance was perceived to be moderate to high with variations observed by type of outdoor venue.
In this edition of the RETRAC newsletter, we hear from a community Peer Researcher about their RETRAC experience; learn about a Māori smoking reduction/cessation program that was identified in RETRAC’s 2015 knowledge synthesis; speak with two guest Indigenous health researchers about their experiences working to improve Indigenous health and address commercial tobacco use in Australia; and meet the new Manager of the Aboriginal Tobacco Program at Cancer Care Ontario.
This newsletter focuses on the results from the RECIG Expert Panel, an international and multidisciplinary meeting with experts in tobacco control. Key conclusions from the Expert Panel relate to the health effects of e-cigarettes, their effectiveness as a cessation aid and potential policy action ideas.
Tobacco control mass media campaigns are a key element of comprehensive tobacco control strategies. Over the past decade, 94% of Ontario smokers were exposed to tobacco control mass media, general tobacco media stories, or pharmaceutical ads. Exposure to tobacco control mass media was associated with increased likelihood of making a quit attempt: higher levels of exposure to campaigns further increased the rate of making an attempt to quit. Read more…
This infographic is based on the findings of a study by OTRU researchers that assessed air quality using multiple ambient air measures and a biomarker for exposure in both indoor and outdoor waterpipe cafes in Toronto, Canada.
Malas M, van der Tempel J, Schwartz R, Minichiello A, Lightfoot C, Noormohamed A, Andrews J, Zawertailo L, Ferrence R. Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: A systematic review. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2016 Apr 25 [Epub ahead of print].
Schwartz R, Deber R. The performance measurement-management divide in public health. Health Policy 2016 Mar;120(3):273-280.