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Research demonstrates that many factors are associated with contraband tobacco use, including: easy access, misconceptions about “legal” purchase of cigarettes from First Nations’ Reserves, insufficient enforcement and penalties, and organized criminal activity. It is frequently claimed that tobacco taxes cause smuggling. This report disputes the link between tobacco taxation and contraband using evidence from the literature, Ontario trend data on tobacco taxes, consumption, prevalence and contraband, and tax and price data in Canada, and critically reviews an earlier Fraser Institute Report.
Read the report: What Effect Does Tobacco Taxation Have on Contraband? Debunking the Taxation – Contraband Tobacco Myth
Press Release: U of T researchers demonstrate that raising tobacco taxes will not spark contraband market
The Smoking Cessation Interventions for Youth report explores the current state of knowledge about effective and promising interventions and practices in addressing smoking cessation among youth. The authors review the academic and grey literature to identify effective and promising interventions aimed at helping youth quit smoking, as well as key factors to determine the success of such interventions.
Read the report: Smoking Cessation Interventions for Youth
These are some of the findings highlighted in this year’s Strategy Monitoring Report. This report presents evaluative information about the activities and results of the Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy and describes Strategy infrastructure and interventions, analyzes population-level changes, and explores the contributions of interventions.
To further understanding of Strategy challenges and accomplishments, the report includes assessments of Ontario’s progress relative to the World Health Organization’s MPOWER standards, and recommendations of the Smoke-Free Ontario Scientific Advisory Committee.
The report concludes that Ontario continues to work diligently toward becoming the Canadian jurisdiction with the lowest smoking rate. Smoke-Free Ontario partners are supporting positive changes in the physical and social climates to prevent and reduce tobacco use, helping to create environments conducive to decreased initiation, increased cessation, and, ultimately, reduced smoking in Ontario.
Listen again to our recent webinar about the 2014 Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy Monitoring Report – Tobacco Control in Ontario: How Well Are We Doing and Where Can We Improve? Original presentation date: January 27, 2015.
Webinar Video Recording (59.4Mb) | Presentation Deck (1.69Mb)
This first OTRU RECIG newsletter provides updates on three ongoing RECIG study components: an ongoing knowledge synthesis; a report of findings from the most recent Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey; and an upcoming social media analysis. This newsletter also highlights opportunities for stakeholders to ask further questions of the research team through the Applied Health Research Questions (AHRQs) process.
Read the newsletter: Introduction to RECIG: Research on E-Cigarettes
OTRU, together with the Well Living House at the Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH), is studying how non-traditional tobacco use in Ontario’s Aboriginal communities can best be addressed through interventions. This update describes study methods including: a knowledge synthesis, an analysis of the synthesis, and primary research. The project also provides the opportunity to address questions from health system policy makers or providers through an Applied Health Research Question process.
This newsletter is the third of a series of four from OTRU’s Knowledge and Evaluation Support Team for 2014-2015. It outlines OTRU’s knowledge and evaluation support services for Ontario’s Public Health Units, Tobacco Control Area Networks, and other tobacco Transfer Payment Agencies. The newsletter also highlights current projects and provides more details about some of the reports OTRU has recently completed through the project such as the evaluation of the Essex Region Conservation Area smoke-free policy, and work related to smoke-free multi-unit dwellings.
Read the newsletter: Knowledge & Evaluation Support Update (Volume 8 Number 3)
Facts about quitting smoking based on innovative OTRU research.
Click here to view a larger version and the references. You can also download the poster information in PowerPoint format (each item on one slide).
The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit, in collaboration with the Ontario Lung Association and several partner service agencies, launched a confidential Smokers’ Panel to gather information from current and former smokers that will help to develop future tobacco programs and services. Read the Press Release | Go to the Smokers’ Panel website
Knowledge Exchange is integral to our work. Learn more about OTRU’s knowledge exchange initiatives.
OTRU can help you with your knowledge, research and evaluation needs if you are a Smoke-Free Ontario stakeholder working on tobacco-related projects. To learn more about this service visit our Knowledge & Evaluation Support page.
Ontario Smokers’ Helpline or 1-877-513-5333 – a counselling service to help smokers quit (telephone or online). For additional information about smoking cessation, please talk to your health care professional or contact your local Public Health Unit
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care – Quit Smoking – provides information on quitting and links to other resources
Health Canada – Quit Now – a site providing useful information on quitting, including self-help materials and other resources. This site also provides statistics about smoking in Canada, along with information about the health effects of smoking and second-hand smoke
Baskerville NB, Struik LL, Hammond D, Guindon GE, Norman CD, Whittaker R, Burns CM, Grindrod KA, Brown KS. Effect of a mobile phone intervention on quitting smoking in a young adult population of smokers: Randomized controlled trial study protocol. JMIR Research Protocols 2015 Jan 19;4(1):e10. – pdf full text
Chaiton M, Mecredy G, Rehm J, Samokhvalov AV. Tobacco retail availability and smoking behaviours among patients seeking treatment at a nicotine dependence clinic. Tobacco Induced Diseases 2014 Dec;12:19. – pdf full text
Kaduri P, Voci S, Zawertailo L, Chaiton M, McKenzie K, Selby P. Real-world effectiveness of varenicline versus nicotine replacement therapy in patients with and without psychiatric disorders. Journal of Addiction Medicine 2015 Jan 22 [Epub ahead of print].
Zawertailo L, Voci S, Selby P. Depression status as a predictor of quit success in a real-world effectiveness study of nicotine replacement therapy. Psychiatry Research 2014 Dec 24 [Epub ahead of print].