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Since 2015, OTRU has been conducting an ongoing formative evaluation to assess the implementation and impact of the outdoor Smoke-Free Ontario Act smoking regulations. This report presents findings from data collected in 2016-2017 and includes a summary of public education efforts, compliance, self-reported smoking behaviour and secondhand smoke exposure in public venues affected by the regulations, successes, challenges, unintended consequences and enforcement staff suggestions for improvement. Read more….
In the past two years, Ontario has made impressive strides in tobacco control by implementing a number of new policy measures through the introduction of the Making Healthy Choices Act and updates to the Smoke-Free Ontario Act. What are the implementation successes and challenges for public health? What are the unintended consequences? What is the compliance with the new policy measures? What are the effects on tobacco use and exposure? Read more….
Movies are a powerful vehicle for promoting tobacco use. Higher exposure to tobacco in movies increases the uptake of smoking among youth and undermines tobacco prevention efforts. This Special Report adds results for 2015 and 2016 and found that the landscape of onscreen tobacco exposure among Ontario youth was similar to those documented in our previous reports. Estimates of the impact of the exposure in terms of new smokers recruited, their tobacco associated mortality and healthcare costs will be updated when smoking prevalence data is available.
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has grown exponentially and the use of waterpipes is on the rise, especially among youth and young adults. Concerns surround initiation of these products among youth and young adults, and the relationship of these products to tobacco cigarette and marijuana use. Large gaps exist in scientific knowledge about the use, health risks/effects and marketing of e-cigarettes and waterpipe. OTRU will conduct research on e-cigarettes and waterpipe to investigate these issues through a 3-year grant awarded by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care’s Health System Research Fund.
Despite declining prevalence of smoking in Ontario in the last few decades, rates of smoking cessation have not increased significantly in the last few years. OTRU will conduct Research on Advancing Cessation Treatment (REACT) to study the urgent need to improve cessation outcomes by providing better understanding of the actual versus potential impact of cessation services in Ontario through a 3-year grant awarded by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care’s Health System Research Fund.
More information about OTRU’s research on e-cigarettes can be found on our e-cigarette research page. You many also be interested in our review in N&TR. Malas M, van der Tempel J, Schwartz R, Minichiello A, Lightfoot C, Noormohamed A, et al. (2016). Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: A systematic review. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(10), 1926-1936.
Animation thanks to Dan DePeuter, Thunder Bay District Health Unit.
Schwartz R, Haji F, Babayan A, Longo C, Ferrence R. Public health policy in support of insurance coverage for smoking cessation treatments. Healthcare Policy 2017 May;12(4):56-68.