Anti-Contraband Policy Measures: Evidence for Better Practice – Summary Report


Jeff Sweeting
Teela Johnson
Robert Schwartz


June 2009

Type of Report

Special Report


This report provides a summary of a more extensive knowledge synthesis that presents information on a wide-range of tobacco anti-contraband measures, in an effort to ascertain the relative effectiveness of various policy measures for addressing contraband in Canada and around the world. This report is based on a comprehensive literature search, a series of key informant interviews, and four Expert Focus Panels with participants from Canada, the United States and several European jurisdictions. This paper identifies and defines the different forms of contraband tobacco, including casual bootlegging, organized international smuggling, illicit manufacturing, tax-avoidance from duty-free sources, and counterfeit cigarettes and explores the effectiveness of several anti-contraband policy measures.

Related publication: