August 2016 Current Abstracts

The following is a monthly list of selected journal articles and reports on tobacco topics. Please note that this list is not all-inclusive. We try to choose titles of interest to our tobacco control network, but we realize that there are many relevant articles that are not listed.

Full text is available where indicated, otherwise, a fee may be required.

Canadian flag denotes Canadian Content The Canadian flag denotes a Canadian author and/or Canadian content.

freeicon The free icon denotes that a publication is free to the public (free full text/PDF)

Research Spotlight

A study using the Ontario Tobacco Survey found that the relationship between health professional advice and smoking cessation is complex. Health professional advice can be effective but most of the effect was due to increased use of cessation medication by those who received advice. The population of smokers receiving advice was also more likely to have greater difficulty quitting smoking, limiting the population impact of health professional advice.

Zhang B, Chaiton MO, Diemert LM, Bondy SJ, Brown KS, Ferrence R. Health professional advice, use of medications and smoking cessation: A population-based prospective cohort study. Preventive Medicine 2016 Aug 2;91:117–22.


Kushnir V, Sproule BA, Zawertailo L, Selby P, Tyndale RF, Leatherdale ST, et al. Impact of self-reported lifetime depression or anxiety on effectiveness of mass distribution of nicotine patches. Tobacco Control 2016 Aug 19 [Epub ahead of print].

Hot Topics

A team of researchers from ICES found that in Canada smoking was the leading risk factor for males and that smoking, by itself, contributed 32% to 39% of the difference in life expectancy across social groups. A group from Pennsylvania found that quitting smoking expanded people’s social network and expanded their social milieu. Etter and Schmid conducted a large randomized control trial that found that large financial incentives helped smokers quit smoking. A Finnish study found that smokers who had increases in the distance they lived from a retail outlet were more likely to quit smoking. A pair of widely reported studies on ecigarettes found that harmful emissions from vapour should be expected due the normal breakdown of constituents (Sleiman et al) but that smokers who switched to ecigarettes reduced their exposure to selected carcinogens and toxicants (Goniewicz).

Bray BC, Smith RA, Piper ME, Roberts LJ, Baker TB. Transitions in smokers’ social networks after quit attempts: a latent transition analysis. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2016 Jul 13;ntw173. [Epub ahead of print]. freeicon

Etter J-F, Schmid F. Effects of large financial incentives for long-term smoking cessation. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2016 Aug;68(8):777–85.

Goniewicz ML, Gawron M, Smith DM, Peng M, Jacob P, Benowitz NL. Exposure to nicotine and selected toxicants in cigarette smokers who switched to electronic cigarettes: A longitudinal within-subjects observational study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2016 Aug [Epub ahead of print]. freeicon

Manuel DG, Perez R, Sanmartin C, Taljaard M, Hennessy D, Wilson K, et al. Measuring burden of unhealthy behaviours using a multivariable predictive approach: Life expectancy lost in Canada attributable to smoking, alcohol, physical inactivity, and diet. PLoS Medicine 2016 Aug;13(8):e1002082. freeicon

Pulakka A, Halonen JI, Kawachi I, Pentti J, Stenholm S, Jokela M, et al. Association between distance from home to tobacco outlet and smoking cessation and relapse. JAMA Internal Medicine 311(2):183–92. [Epub ahead of print]. freeicon

Sleiman M, Logue JM, Montesinos VN, Russell ML, Litter MI, Gundel LA, et al. Emissions from electronic cigarettes: Key parameters affecting the release of harmful chemicals. Environmental Science & Technology 2016 Jul [Epub ahead of print].



van Eerd EA, van der Meer RM, van Schayck OC, Kotz D. Smoking cessation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016 Aug 20;8:CD010744. freeicon

Cessation—Hospitals and Quitlines

Tindle HA, Daigh R, Reddy VK, Bailey LA, Ochs JA, Maness MH, et al. eReferral between hospitals and quitlines: an emerging tobacco control strategy. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2016 Jul 28. [Epub ahead of print].


Drugs for Smoking Cessation [Internet]. Ottawa: CADTH; 2016. freeicon


Sarna L, Bialous SA. Implementation of tobacco dependence treatment programs in oncology settings. Seminars in Oncology Nursing 2016 Aug;32(3):187–96.


Meier E, Hatsukami DK. A review of the additive health risk of cannabis and tobacco co-use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2016 Sep 1;166:6–12. [Epub ahead of print].

Recent Work by Canadian Researchers Canadian flag denotes Canadian Content

E-cigarettes—Health Warnings

Wackowski OA, O’Connor RJ, Strasser AA, Hammond D, Villanti AC, Delnevo CD. Smokers’ and e-cigarette users’ perceptions of modified risk warnings for e-cigarettes. Preventive Medicine Reports 2016 Dec;4:309–12..

Health Care Costs—Canada

Krueger H, Andres EN, Koot JM, Reilly BD. The economic burden of cancers attributable to tobacco smoking, excess weight, alcohol use, and physical inactivity in Canada. Current Oncology 2016 Aug;23(4):241–9.

Health Policy—International
Health Professionals— Optometrists

Kennedy RD, Hammond D, Spafford MM, Douglas O, Brûlé J, Fong GT, et al. Educating smokers about the risk of blindness – insights to improve tobacco product health warning labels. Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016;14:30. freeicon