Research on Electronic Cigarettes and Waterpipe (RECIG-WP)

  Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has grown exponentially and the use of waterpipes is on the rise, especially among youth and young adults. Concerns surround initiation of these products among youth and young adults, and the relationship of these products to tobacco cigar
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Research on Advancing Cessation Treatment (REACT)

  Despite declining prevalence of smoking in Ontario in the last few decades, rates of smoking cessation have not increased significantly in the last few years. OTRU will conduct Research on Advancing Cessation Treatment (REACT) to study the urgent need to improve cessation outco
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Public Health Unit Tobacco Use Cessation Services

  This Update provides a summary of the tobacco use cessation services provided at the local-level by all 36 Public Health Units across Ontario for the 2016 calendar year.
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Nicotine: How Does it Affect Health?

  Of the more than 7000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, nicotine is one of the most widely assessed. Nicotine has been identified as the primary substance in tobacco that causes addiction and, as such, the main substance driving use of tobacco products. For many years, most of the ha
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Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Products: Claims and Science

  Philip Morris International says that it will be marketing a new product called iQOS in Ontario. iQOS uses a special device to heat the tobacco to release an aerosol vapour that is inhaled by the smoker. The industry has argued that this type of device reduces the delivery of m
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Support for Plain and Standardized Tobacco Packaging Regulations in Ontario

  The Canadian government may be preparing regulations for plain and standardized packaging of cigarette products. This OTRU update examines the level of public support for plain packaging in Ontario, which is among the highest in the world. This high level of support suggests th
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OTRU Update: Is It a Quit Attempt if It Doesn’t Last a Day?

  Many researchers use a definition of quit attempt that requires any attempt at cessation to last longer than 24 hours. Using data from OTRU’s Ontario Tobacco Survey, this update examines factors associated with making quit attempts that last more than 24 hours compared to those
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Raising the Minimum Age for Access to Tobacco to 21

  The majority of smokers begin smoking in their teens or early twenties. Raising the legal age of access to tobacco to age 21 has the potential to impact positively on future smoking prevalence and health outcomes. This update outlines reasons to consider raising the minimum age, rev
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Use of Quit Aids Among Ontario Smokers

  Research shows that smokers who use quit aids such as pharmacotherapies and behavioral support are more likely to be successful in smoking cessation than smokers who do not use quit aids. This update explores factors related to use and trends in the use of various cessation aids ove
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Research on Non-Traditional Tobacco Use Reduction in Aboriginal Communities (RETRAC)

  OTRU, together with the Well Living House at the Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH), is studying how non-traditional tobacco use in Ontario’s Aboriginal communities can best be addressed through interventions. This update describes study methods including: a knowledge
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Real World Effectiveness of Varenicline and Other Smoking Cessation Medications

    There is strong evidence from randomized control trials that cessation medication can help people quit smoking; however, real world studies of smoking cessation aid effectiveness have shown mixed results. Using data from the Ontario Tobacco Survey, this update examines the re
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OTRU Research on the Use and Impact of Electronic Cigarettes

    Public debate abounds about e-cigarettes, their promotion, sale and use; concerns over youth uptake; the potential for renormalization of smoking; their effectiveness as a cessation aid; and their health impacts. OTRU, in partnership with the Centre for Addiction and Mental H
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Tobacco Smoke Entering Homes in Multi-Unit Dwellings in Ontario

    Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is a long standing public health issue. The Smoke-Free Ontario Act protects many Ontarians from exposure to SHS in enclosed public places and workplaces including restaurants and bars, casinos, in vehicles, and in the common areas of multi-u
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CCHS Data on Smoking Prevalence and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Ontario: Provincial and Regional Estimates

  This update provides a brief overview of smoking prevalence and exposure to secondhand smoke in Ontario based on the findings of the recently released 2013 Canadian Community Health Survey. The last significant change in smoking prevalence was between 2008 and 2009 for the 12+
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Waterpipe Use in Ontario

  As waterpipe use has increased around the world, it has become a growing public health concern. This update examines the latest population survey data about the prevalence of waterpipe use in Ontario, patterns of use, beliefs and attitudes about use and its relationship to use
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An Update on Varenicline Use in Ontario

  Varenicline is currently funded as a Limited Use Benefit on the Ontario Drug Benefit Formulary. However, little is known about who uses varenicline and how use has changed over time in Ontario. This update explores use of varenicline in Ontario using data from OTRU’s Ontario To
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Exposure to Secondhand Smoke on Patios

  The health risks of second hand smoke (SHS) are now well established; in many places, including the province of Ontario, most indoor public places such as workplaces, bars, and restaurants are covered under smoke-free ordinances. People in outdoor environments are also exposed
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Protection from Outdoor Smoking

  This update provides an overview of the issues surrounding exposure to outdoor smoking including the impacts of physical and social exposure, constituents of outdoor second hand smoke, potential harm to health, and impact on wildlife and the environment. Data from the 2012 CAMH
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Ontario Adult Support for Restricted Ratings for Movies Showing Smoking

  Using data from the 2012 Centre for Addiction and Mental Health’s CAMH Monitor, this update presents findings on the level of support among Ontario adults aged 18 years and older for assigning a Restricted or “R” rating to movies that show characters smoking.
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Putting Thirdhand Smoke on the Policy and Research Agenda: Knowledge User Survey Results

  In response to growing concerns about third hand smoke (THS), OTRU hosted a workshop for public health, tobacco control policy, and research communities in May 2012, in Toronto. An online survey was circulated prior to the event to public health, healthcare and tobacco control
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Tobacco Database Resources Available from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2012

  The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit recently updated two tobacco database resources for the design and conduct of studies related to tobacco and tobacco control. The Directory of Public Use Data on Tobacco Use in Canada is designed to help researchers and students locate Canadian
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Thirty Year Trends in Tobacco and Cannabis Use Among Ontario Youth

  This update presents data on the use and co-use of tobacco and cannabis among students over the past three decades using the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health’s Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS). OSDUHS is the longest ongoing school survey in Canada, and
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Waterpipe Smoking: A Growing Health Concern

  Waterpipe (hookah) use is increasing globally. This update reviews recent data that provide an indication of level of use in Canada, summarizes evidence suggesting that waterpipe smoke is at least as toxic as cigarette smoke and points to serious health risks associated with re
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Tobacco Database Resources from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2010

  The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit recently updated two tobacco database resources for the design and conduct of studies related to tobacco and tobacco control. The Directory of Public Use Data on Tobacco Use in Canada is designed to help researchers and students locate Canadian
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Smoking in Outdoor Public Spaces: Behaviours and Experiences of Smokers and Nonsmokers

  This update highlights findings that were recently published in Kaufman P, Griffin K, Ferrence R, Cohen J, Perkins N. Smoking in Urban Outdoor Public Places: Behaviour, Experiences and Implications for Public Health. Health and Place 16: 961-968, 2010. Observation and interview
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Trends in Student Smoking Give Reason for Cautious Optimism

  This update provides findings on the extent and patterns of tobacco use among Ontario students from the most recent OSDUHS report, Drug Use among Ontario Students, 1977-2009: Detailed OSDUHS Findings.
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Contraband Use Among Ontario Youth

  This update is based on excerpts from the tobacco summary section of the report, Drug Use among Ontario Students, 1977-2009: Detailed OSDUHS Findings. The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health’s Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (OSDUHS) is the longest ongoing school
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Tobacco Product Availability: Current Issues and Next Steps

  This update addresses issues related to tobacco product availability within the larger context of industry marketing of tobacco; the current state of affairs with respect to tobacco availability; models of availability in other fields, specifically those used in alcohol and oth
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The Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual Issues

  Household telephone surveys provide an important tobacco-control tool for research, monitoring and evaluation, and policy-making, but declining response rates of surveys and various measurement issues are undermining the quality and utility of survey data. This research update
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Tobacco Database Resources Available from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2009

  OTRU has updated two tobacco database resources for the design and conduct of studies related to tobacco and tobacco control – the Directory of Public Use Data on Tobacco Use in Canada and the Searchable Database of Questionnaire Items from Population Surveys of Tobacco U
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An Update on Contraband Cigarettes Purchased on First Nations Reserves

  The effectiveness of tobacco taxation to discourage smoking can be undermined by the widespread availability of contraband tobacco. Data from the Ontario Tobacco Survey are used to estimate the extent of purchasing contraband cigarettes on reserves in Ontario and its impact on
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Reports Of Tobacco Smoke Entering Ontario Homes

  Most nonsmokers in Canada and the United States are protected from secondhand smoke exposure at work and in indoor public places, but many are still exposed to smoke entering their homes from neighbouring dwellings, shared indoor spaces, ventilation systems, and through windows
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Effects of Funding Cuts to Tobacco Control Programs

  Long-term comprehensive tobacco control programs are successful in preventing smoking acquisition and helping smokers quit, but there must be ongoing funding for sustained programming to maintain effects. This Update looks at the effects of funding cuts to tobacco control progr
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Health Professionals’ Advice on Smoking Cessation in Ontario: 2002-2007

  Health professionals can and should play a key role in smoking cessation and evidence shows that many consider it their role to advise smokers to quit. Less is known about smokers’ views on the role of health professionals. This Update assesses Ontario smokers’ receipt of advic
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Trends in Public Support for Smoke-Free Workplaces, Restaurants and Bars in Ontario: 1998-2006

  Monitoring public support for restrictions on smoking may help policy makers make effective decisions about tobacco control policies that will benefit the community as a whole. This Update presents public opinion data on trends in support by Ontarians for smoke-free workplaces,
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Cigarette Brand Family Preferences in Ontario

  This update presents data on cigarette brand family preferences based on 1,368 current smokers from the first two waves of the cross-sectional component of the Ontario Tobacco Survey conducted in 2005 and 2006. Sales data are used to examine brand family preferences across regi
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Smokeless Tobacco and Snus: The Current Evidence for Health Risks

  Smokeless tobacco provides nicotine to users through absorption across the membranes of the mouth or nose. Two main forms of smokeless tobacco are used in North America: chewing tobacco and oral snuff. Over two dozen cancer-causing agents have been identified in traditional smo
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Regional Differences in Smoking Behaviour: Tailoring Our Efforts

  Regional differences in prevalence of smoking across the province of Ontario have been reported at the public health unit level. Populations in which smoking behaviours remain high may be both geographically and socio-demographically distinct from other populations and thus req
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Support for Tobacco Retail Display Bans in Ontario

  Bans on the display of tobacco products at the point of sale are expected to result in decreased rates of smoking initiation among young people, decreased rates of smoking in the general population and fewer relapses among quitters. This update reviews progress in legislation t
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The Performance Indicators Monitoring System (PIMS)

  In response to the demand for accountability and performance management information, OTRU is developing a performance reporting system. This Update describes the development of the Performance Indicators Monitoring system (PIMS). PIMS is designed for the ongoing collection, ana
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