Tobacco Database Resources Available from the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit – 2007

  OTRU has updated two resources for the design and conduct of studies related to tobacco and tobacco control – the Directory of Public Use Data on Tobacco Use in Canada and the Searchable Database of Questionnaire Items from Population Surveys of Tobacco Use in Canada. The
Read more...

What’s New with OTRU’s Online Course Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to Practice

  The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit’s free online course, Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to Practice, provides comprehensive, evidence-based information on tobacco control science, policy and practice to the Canadian tobacco control community. This Update outlines new cou
Read more...

Who’s Quitting Now? Dependence and Smoking Cessation among Canadians

  Nicotine addiction is considered a major impediment to quitting smoking. Some investigators believe that the proportion of heavily addicted (or “hardcore”) smokers in the population will increase as more smokers give up smoking. But are heavily addicted smokers the least likely
Read more...

What Population Surveys Say about Smokeless Tobacco Use

  The use of smokeless tobacco products, particularly among youth, is a topic of discussion in the tobacco control community. This update summarizes population survey findings on the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use by Canadians and discusses some of the limitations of the dat
Read more...

Recall of Tobacco Control Mass Media Campaigns in Ontario

  Tobacco control mass media campaigns are key elements of comprehensive tobacco control strategies. In Canada, mass media campaigns have been identified as important components of both the Federal Tobacco Control strategy and the Smoke-Free Ontario strategy. This update discusse
Read more...

The Smoke-Free Ontario Act: Extend Protection to Children in Vehicles

  The 2006 Smoke-Free Ontario Act prohibits smoking in all enclosed public places and workplaces, including company vehicles, but exempts private vehicles. This Update presents Ontarian public opinion data on support for bans on smoking in vehicles carrying children.
Read more...

The Burden of Tobacco Use in Ontario

  Tobacco use poses a significant economic burden to the people of Ontario, both in terms of direct costs such as health care, and indirect costs related to productivity losses resulting from disability and premature death. Recently, the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA),
Read more...

The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit’s New Online Course Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to Practice

  The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU) has recently developed a new online tobacco control course entitled Tobacco and Public Health: From Theory to Practice. This Update describes this free-of-charge course that addresses the tobacco control community’s need for a comprehens
Read more...

Smoke-Free Workplaces: Not Just for Nonsmokers

  As of May 31, 2006, all enclosed workplaces in Ontario will be smoke-free. While this provision of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act is being enacted to protect the health of nonsmokers, research suggests that it will also benefit smokers. Judging by studies on this issue from Canada,
Read more...

The Ontario Tobacco Survey: Raising the Standard for Evaluation

  The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit has launched a new provincial survey monitoring tobacco use and opinions about tobacco control to inform the progress of the Smoke-Free Ontario Strategy. The Ontario Tobacco Survey is a major cross-sectional and panel study—one of a few truly l
Read more...

Monitoring and Evaluation Update: Indicators of Ontario Tobacco Strategy Progress 2004-2005: Highlights

  This Update highlights indicators of progress in Ontario strategy goals of prevention, cessation, and protection reported in the 2004-2005 Monitoring and Evaluation Series.
Read more...

Research Priorities Identified by OTRU in Support of Ontario’s Tobacco Control Strategy

  With the help of many of our Investigators and Affiliates across the province, our Principal Investigator team began work in the summer of 2005 on a research plan to identify tobacco control questions and issues of priority that can be addressed through OTRU’s intramural and ex
Read more...

Tobacco Marketing at Point-of-Sale in Ontario

  The retail point-of-sale environment provides important opportunities for tobacco industry communication with current, former, and potential smokers. Point-of-sale marketing is one of the few remaining communication vehicles available to the tobacco industry in Canada. The Smok
Read more...

Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Building Entrances: A Public Health Concern

  It has been well established that there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke. Even brief exposure can trigger asthma attacks in children, and exposure can have immediate negative health impacts in adults including general respiratory and eye irritation, asthma symptoms
Read more...

On the Front Line of Smoking Cessation: Practices and Perceptions of Canadian Community Pharmacists

  Now that nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), in the form of gum and patches, is sold in Canadian pharmacies without prescription, pharmacists may be the first or only health professional smokers consult when using this method to quit smoking. This Update reports on findings fro
Read more...

Workplace Restrictions on Smoking: Are They Good for the Smoker, Too?

  Adult smoking behaviour is known to be associated with restrictions on smoking, and this is true in both public places and workplaces. In the general adult population, the more extensive the restrictions on public smoking, the fewer the smokers, and the less the amount consumed
Read more...

Writing Outcome Objectives: A Monitoring and Evaluation Tip Sheet

  This update provides tips on writing specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time limited outcome objectives to help us to understand and communicate to others how we anticipate that our projects and services will contribute to the broader and more enduring goals of tob
Read more...

The Economic Impact of a Smoke-free Bylaw on Restaurant and Bar Sales in Ottawa, Canada

  The 1994 Ontario Tobacco Control Act empowered local municipalities to restrict smoking in workplaces and public places. Since then, 73 of 446 Ontario municipalities have implemented smoke-free bylaws in restaurants or both restaurants and bars. Beginning August 1st 2001, the C
Read more...

Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) in Ontario Homes: Behaviours and Beliefs About Health Risks

  Between May 2000 and December 2000, population-based data were collected by telephone interview with 1,285 Ontario residents 18 years or older regarding perceptions of environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke) and exposure in the home and smoking behaviours of household me
Read more...

Smoking and the Price of Cigarettes in Ontario

  Although recent trends in several indicators of tobacco use are positive, the individual and societal costs of smoking remain unacceptably high. More than 45,000 current and former smokers die each year in Canada due to smoking, and dollar costs attributable to smoking-related
Read more...

School-Based Tobacco Use Prevention Programs: Should They be Abandoned?

  School-based smoking prevention programs have been a major focus of efforts to address the problem of smoking among youth and the cost-effectiveness of school-based programs of even modest impact have been demonstrated. Unfortunately, evaluations of many programs have yielded d
Read more...

Deceptive Cigarette Labelling

  Substantial proportions of Ontario smokers are being misled by the terms ‘light’ and ‘mild’ on cigarettes. The purpose of this update is to inform readers about three recent developments of direct relevance to public policy with regard to such deceptive cigarette labelling.
Read more...

Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs: A Review and Synthesis of Evaluation Strategies in the United States

  This update summarizes the findings of a special report prepared by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit that examines comprehensive tobacco control programs in leading U.S. jurisdictions. The report focuses on evaluation infrastructure and methodologies, including measures of sho
Read more...

Political Factors and Tobacco Knowledge Predict Legislators’ Support for Tobacco Control Policies

  Studies carried out by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit have identified key factors that may help predict whether legislators will support tobacco policies. This Update summarizes the study results which imply that political ideology and party membership can predict legislator
Read more...

Tobacco Sales Policies for the 21st Century: Is the Public on Board?

  This update summarizes the main findings of the “Q2000” survey, a population-based telephone survey undertaken in Ontario in 2000. Respondents were asked about: smoking behaviours, purchasing practices, knowledge of health effects of active and passive smoking, atti
Read more...