Tobacco Cessation Practices and Services in Central West Ontario

  Tobacco cessation interventions by healthcare providers have been shown to significantly increase cessation rates. Three surveys were conducted in 2013, 2015 and 2017 to explore the state of tobacco cessation practices and services in the Central West Tobacco Control Area Netwo
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Monitoring and Evaluating Ontario’s New Tobacco Policy Measures: Flavoured Tobacco Prohibition

  In 2016/2017, OTRU, in collaboration with key stakeholders, assessed the implementation and impact of new tobacco and e-cigarette policy measures being implemented in Ontario. This report provides an overview of key findings, focusing on implementation of the flavoured tobacco
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Monitoring and Evaluating Ontario’s New E-Cigarette Policy Measures: Sale and Supply to Youth

  In 2016/2017, OTRU, in collaboration with key stakeholders, assessed the implementation and impact of new tobacco and e-cigarette policy measures being implemented in Ontario. This report provides an overview of key findings, focusing on implementation of the e-cigarette minimu
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Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act Outdoor Smoking Regulations

  Since 2015, OTRU has been conducting an ongoing formative evaluation to assess the implementation and impact of the outdoor Smoke-Free Ontario Act smoking regulations. This report presents findings from data collected in 2016-2017 and includes a summary of public education effo
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Youth Exposure to Tobacco in Movies in Ontario, Canada: 2004-2016

  Movies are a powerful vehicle for promoting tobacco use. Higher exposure to tobacco in movies increases the uptake of smoking among youth and undermines tobacco prevention efforts. This Special Report adds results for 2015 and 2016 and found that the landscape of onscreen tobac
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Commercial Tobacco Reduction in Indigenous Communities: 2017 Literature Update

  Smoking prevalence among indigenous groups globally often exceed that of non-Indigenous and settler populations in the same regions or nations. In 2016, OTRU published a systematic review on the efficacy of interventions to reduce commercial tobacco in Indigenous communities. T
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Environmental Scan of Workplace Tobacco Control Activities in Ontario Public Health Units

  This report provides the results of an environmental scan conducted by the Provincial Young Adult Prevention Advisory Group to identify tobacco-focused workplace activities (beyond the Smoke-Free Ontario Act) undertaken within the past 5 years or planned to be undertaken in the
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Evaluation of the Amended Toronto Smoke-Free Bylaws

  In collaboration with Toronto Public Health, OTRU conducted an evaluation of Toronto’s amended outdoor smoke-free bylaws. Findings suggest that the amended bylaws had a limited impact on smoking behaviour and exposure to secondhand smoke one year after implementation. Key succe
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Busting Myths About Smoking Cessation

  With limited population-level research, myths about smoking cessation persist. Research from the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS) has improved our understanding of smoking cessation in the general population. Key facts and findings are summarized, including the frequency and number
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Youth Exposure to Tobacco in Movies in Ontario, Canada: 2004-2014

  Movies are a powerful vehicle for promoting tobacco use. Higher exposure to tobacco in movies increases the uptake of smoking among youth and undermines tobacco prevention efforts. This Special Report examines the extent of onscreen tobacco exposure among Ontario youth, and est
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Smoking Cessation Interventions for Youth

  The Smoking Cessation Interventions for Youth report explores the current state of knowledge about effective and promising interventions and practices in addressing smoking cessation among youth. The authors review the academic and grey literature to identify effective and prom
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What Effect Does Tobacco Taxation Have on Contraband? Debunking the Taxation – Contraband Tobacco Myth

  Research demonstrates that many factors are associated with contraband tobacco use, including: easy access, misconceptions about “legal” purchase of cigarettes from First Nations’ Reserves, insufficient enforcement and penalties, and organized criminal activity. It is frequentl
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Exposure to Onscreen Tobacco in Movies among Ontario Youth, 2004-2013

  Smoking in movies is a cause for smoking initiation and progression to regular smoking among youth. Higher exposure to onscreen tobacco increases the uptake of smoking among youth and undermines tobacco prevention efforts. This report examines the extent of onscreen tobacco exp
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Evaluation of the Risk-Based Enforcement Pilot: A Risk Categorization Model for Youth Access to Tobacco, Final Report

  A risk categorization model for youth access enforcement was piloted in three public health units over a 12-month period in 2011-2012. Pilot findings suggest that 1) increasing the number of visits to moderate- and high-risk vendors can increase compliance; 2) no- and low-risk
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Strategies Affecting Tobacco Vendor Compliance with Youth Access Laws: A Review of the Literature

Programs that effectively disrupt tobacco sales to minors have been shown to reduce smoking among youth. This report reviews the literature to identify the factors that are associated with vendor compliance and to explore the strategies and practices that positively affect tobacco ven
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Cessation Pathways: Exploring Opportunities for Developing a Coordinated Smoking Cessation System in Ontario

This Special Report highlights the results of an exploratory study to learn about smokers’ experiences with existing smoking cessation services/resources in Ontario and to identify opportunities for strengthening service linkages in the province.
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Data Standards for Smoke-Free Ontario Smoking Cessation Service Providers

  A range of smoking cessation interventions are available to help Ontario smokers quit. This report identifies common intake and follow-up indicators and measures recommended for adult smoking cessation service providers in Ontario.
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Evaluation of the Risk-Based Enforcement Pilot: A Risk Categorization Model for Youth Access to Tobacco, Interim Report

  Since 1994, it has been illegal to sell or supply a tobacco product to a person under the age of 19 in Ontario. Enforcement of the youth access restriction has been ongoing since that time. This special report explores how well a risk categorization model is working for youth a
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Tobacco-Free Sports and Recreation Policies

  The main goal of this evaluation was to explore the implementation and impact of TFSR policies within the sport of hockey in four Ontario public health units (PHUs) and examine the barriers and facilitators in TFSR policy implementation. This report is intended to serve as a pr
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Formative Evaluation of the Public Health Unit Youth Engagement Initiative–Brief Report

  This formative evaluation study examines the process of implementation of the Youth Engagement Initiative as outlined in the 2010 scopes of service, and identifies facilitators and challenges to this process to inform Initiative improvement and advancement of implementation. Th
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Provision of Smoking Cessation by Ontario Dental Health Professionals

This study explores the experience of three dental health professional groups (dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants) in providing smoking cessation services to their patients in routine daily practice.
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Youth Engagement and Tobacco Control in On-Reserve Aboriginal Communities

  This report summarizes findings from an evaluation of the Youth Action Alliance of Manitoulin Island (YAA MAN). The Youth Action Alliance (YAA) program was an Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport (MHPS) youth engagement initiative that focused on youth engagement, smo
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Engaging Aboriginal Youth in Off-Reserve Communities: A Case-Study of MAKWA

  This report presents a formative evaluation of Making Aboriginal Kids Walk Away (From Tobacco Abuse) (MAKWA), an Aboriginal Youth Action Alliance (YAA) located off-reserve. The primary focus of the evaluation was to understand how to establish and operate an Aboriginal off-rese
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Smoking Cessation Activities in Ontario Hospitals: Survey Results

  The Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport (MHPS) and the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) recently launched an initiative aimed to enhance cessation support to hospital patients with chronic diseases. As a first step, the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU), in
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Analysis of the Young Adult Ontario Workforce

  The purpose of this report is to identify points of intervention for smoking cessation within the young adult Ontario workforce. Conclusions indicate which types of workplaces and which occupations to target interventions to reach a large number of young adults in traditionally
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Secondhand Smoke in Ontario Homes: Findings from a National Study

  A range of adverse health effects are caused by environmental tobacco smoke or secondhand smoke in adult non-smokers and in children. The purpose of this report is to provide new findings on attitudes and behaviours associated with secondhand smoke exposure in Ontario home envi
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Evidence to Inform Smoking Cessation Policymaking in Ontario

  This OTRU Special Report provides evidence to inform the development of Ontario’s smoking cessation strategy. The report states the general case for smoking cessation, including the benefits of a comprehensive cessation system; presents a segmentation analysis of Ontario smoker
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Formative Evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act: Comprehensive Report

  This is the fourth in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The design of the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act comprises four components that include a province-wide compliance survey of tobacco vendors and pu
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Impact of the Smoking Cessation System on Young Male Smokers

  This Special Report presents the results from an evaluation study that assessed the extent to which Ontario’s smoking cessation system meets the needs of young male smokers who are 19-29 years old. In 2008, young males had the highest prevalence of current smoking in Ontario; c
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Youth Action Alliances in Underserved Neighbourhoods

  This Special Report presents the results of a case study of the implementation of the Youth Action Alliance (YAA) Program in Toronto, selected because of the unique approach taken to recruiting youth. Using key informant interviews and focus groups with Peer Leaders, the report
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The Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual Issues

  The Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual Issues is the full report of the concurrent working session of the Ontario Tobacco Control Conference: Tobacco Control for the 21st Century: Challenges in Research and Evaluation.
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Anti-Contraband Policy Measures: Evidence for Better Practice – Full Report

  This report is a knowledge synthesis of what is known about the contraband tobacco market globally and the policies in place to help curb it. Given the many different forms of contraband and the ease with which the source can change in response to policy, there is no single sol
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Anti-Contraband Policy Measures: Evidence for Better Practice – Summary Report

  This report provides a summary of a more extensive knowledge synthesis that presents information on a wide-range of tobacco anti-contraband measures, in an effort to ascertain the relative effectiveness of various policy measures for addressing contraband in Canada and around t
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Full Report

  Based on a comprehensive review of all available evidence, including important recent evidence, the report of the Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk concludes that there is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and secondhand smok
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Executive Summary – English

  Tobacco smoke is one of the few modifiable risks for breast cancer and it impacts many women. Young women in particular, should understand that available evidence suggests that the relationship between breast cancer and both active smoking and SHS is consistent with causality.
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Executive Summary – French

  La fumée du tabac est l’un des rares risques modifiables associé au cancer du sein et à ses répercussions sur des nombreuses femmes. Les jeunes femmes en particulier devraient comprendre que les données disponibles semblent indiquer que le lien entre le cancer du sein et le tab
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Backgrounder

  In order to enhance our understanding of the relationship between breast cancer and tobacco smoke, an international Expert Panel met in November 2008 under the auspices of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. The Panel brought together leading experts from Canada and the United S
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Press Release

  There is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and second-hand smoke to breast cancer, according to an international panel convened by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. Related Publications: Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk 
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Government Regulation of Tobacco Product Ingredients and Emissions

  There is growing discussion about tobacco product modification as a way to reduce the health risks to tobacco users and nonusers exposed to tobacco products. This Special Report discusses potential impacts of changes in tobacco product ingredients and emissions on population he
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A Model for Assessing Gaps in Smoking Cessation Systems and Services in a Local Public Health Unit

  In 2006, a vision for smoking cessation in Ontario was developed, providing a basis for evaluating the adequacy of the existing system. Those responsible for tobacco control need protocols to assess and plan local systems consistent with this vision. This Special Report present
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