Smoking prevalence among indigenous groups globally often exceed that of non-Indigenous and settler populations in the same regions or nations. In 2016, OTRU published a systematic review on the efficacy of interventions to reduce commercial tobacco in Indigenous communities. T
This report provides the results of an environmental scan conducted by the Provincial Young Adult Prevention Advisory Group to identify tobacco-focused workplace activities (beyond the Smoke-Free Ontario Act) undertaken within the past 5 years or planned to be undertaken in the
In collaboration with Toronto Public Health, OTRU conducted an evaluation of Toronto’s amended outdoor smoke-free bylaws. Findings suggest that the amended bylaws had a limited impact on smoking behaviour and exposure to secondhand smoke one year after implementation. Key succe
With limited population-level research, myths about smoking cessation persist. Research from the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS) has improved our understanding of smoking cessation in the general population. Key facts and findings are summarized, including the frequency and number
Movies are a powerful vehicle for promoting tobacco use. Higher exposure to tobacco in movies increases the uptake of smoking among youth and undermines tobacco prevention efforts. This Special Report examines the extent of onscreen tobacco exposure among Ontario youth, and est
The Smoking Cessation Interventions for Youth report explores the current state of knowledge about effective and promising interventions and practices in addressing smoking cessation among youth. The authors review the academic and grey literature to identify effective and prom
Research demonstrates that many factors are associated with contraband tobacco use, including: easy access, misconceptions about “legal” purchase of cigarettes from First Nations’ Reserves, insufficient enforcement and penalties, and organized criminal activity. It is frequentl
Smoking in movies is a cause for smoking initiation and progression to regular smoking among youth. Higher exposure to onscreen tobacco increases the uptake of smoking among youth and undermines tobacco prevention efforts. This report examines the extent of onscreen tobacco exp
A risk categorization model for youth access enforcement was piloted in three public health units over a 12-month period in 2011-2012. Pilot findings suggest that 1) increasing the number of visits to moderate- and high-risk vendors can increase compliance; 2) no- and low-risk
Programs that effectively disrupt tobacco sales to minors have been shown to reduce smoking among youth. This report reviews the literature to identify the factors that are associated with vendor compliance and to explore the strategies and practices that positively affect tobacco ven
This Special Report highlights the results of an exploratory study to learn about smokers’ experiences with existing smoking cessation services/resources in Ontario and to identify opportunities for strengthening service linkages in the province.
A range of smoking cessation interventions are available to help Ontario smokers quit. This report identifies common intake and follow-up indicators and measures recommended for adult smoking cessation service providers in Ontario.
Since 1994, it has been illegal to sell or supply a tobacco product to a person under the age of 19 in Ontario. Enforcement of the youth access restriction has been ongoing since that time. This special report explores how well a risk categorization model is working for youth a
The main goal of this evaluation was to explore the implementation and impact of TFSR policies within the sport of hockey in four Ontario public health units (PHUs) and examine the barriers and facilitators in TFSR policy implementation. This report is intended to serve as a pr
This formative evaluation study examines the process of implementation of the Youth Engagement Initiative as outlined in the 2010 scopes of service, and identifies facilitators and challenges to this process to inform Initiative improvement and advancement of implementation. Th
This study explores the experience of three dental health professional groups (dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants) in providing smoking cessation services to their patients in routine daily practice.
This report summarizes findings from an evaluation of the Youth Action Alliance of Manitoulin Island (YAA MAN). The Youth Action Alliance (YAA) program was an Ontario Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport (MHPS) youth engagement initiative that focused on youth engagement, smo
This report presents a formative evaluation of Making Aboriginal Kids Walk Away (From Tobacco Abuse) (MAKWA), an Aboriginal Youth Action Alliance (YAA) located off-reserve. The primary focus of the evaluation was to understand how to establish and operate an Aboriginal off-rese
The Ministry of Health Promotion and Sport (MHPS) and the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) recently launched an initiative aimed to enhance cessation support to hospital patients with chronic diseases. As a first step, the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU), in
The purpose of this report is to identify points of intervention for smoking cessation within the young adult Ontario workforce. Conclusions indicate which types of workplaces and which occupations to target interventions to reach a large number of young adults in traditionally
A range of adverse health effects are caused by environmental tobacco smoke or secondhand smoke in adult non-smokers and in children. The purpose of this report is to provide new findings on attitudes and behaviours associated with secondhand smoke exposure in Ontario home envi
This OTRU Special Report provides evidence to inform the development of Ontario’s smoking cessation strategy. The report states the general case for smoking cessation, including the benefits of a comprehensive cessation system; presents a segmentation analysis of Ontario smoker
This is the fourth in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The design of the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act comprises four components that include a province-wide compliance survey of tobacco vendors and pu
This Special Report presents the results from an evaluation study that assessed the extent to which Ontario’s smoking cessation system meets the needs of young male smokers who are 19-29 years old. In 2008, young males had the highest prevalence of current smoking in Ontario; c
This Special Report presents the results of a case study of the implementation of the Youth Action Alliance (YAA) Program in Toronto, selected because of the unique approach taken to recruiting youth. Using key informant interviews and focus groups with Peer Leaders, the report
The Future of Household Telephone Surveys on Tobacco: Methodological and Contextual Issues is the full report of the concurrent working session of the Ontario Tobacco Control Conference: Tobacco Control for the 21st Century: Challenges in Research and Evaluation.
This report is a knowledge synthesis of what is known about the contraband tobacco market globally and the policies in place to help curb it. Given the many different forms of contraband and the ease with which the source can change in response to policy, there is no single sol
This report provides a summary of a more extensive knowledge synthesis that presents information on a wide-range of tobacco anti-contraband measures, in an effort to ascertain the relative effectiveness of various policy measures for addressing contraband in Canada and around t
Based on a comprehensive review of all available evidence, including important recent evidence, the report of the Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk concludes that there is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and secondhand smok
Tobacco smoke is one of the few modifiable risks for breast cancer and it impacts many women. Young women in particular, should understand that available evidence suggests that the relationship between breast cancer and both active smoking and SHS is consistent with causality.
La fumée du tabac est l’un des rares risques modifiables associé au cancer du sein et à ses répercussions sur des nombreuses femmes. Les jeunes femmes en particulier devraient comprendre que les données disponibles semblent indiquer que le lien entre le cancer du sein et le tab
In order to enhance our understanding of the relationship between breast cancer and tobacco smoke, an international Expert Panel met in November 2008 under the auspices of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. The Panel brought together leading experts from Canada and the United S
There is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and second-hand smoke to breast cancer, according to an international panel convened by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. Related Publications: Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk
There is growing discussion about tobacco product modification as a way to reduce the health risks to tobacco users and nonusers exposed to tobacco products. This Special Report discusses potential impacts of changes in tobacco product ingredients and emissions on population he
In 2006, a vision for smoking cessation in Ontario was developed, providing a basis for evaluating the adequacy of the existing system. Those responsible for tobacco control need protocols to assess and plan local systems consistent with this vision. This Special Report present
The Youth Action Alliance program (YAA) is a key component of Smoke-Free Ontario youth prevention programming. This Special Report, produced by members of OTRU’s evaluation team, provides a formative evaluation of the YAA program including a description of its implementation, a
This report presents the findings of a study examining levels of Tobacco Smoke Pollution in cars (TSP, also known as second-hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke). TSP has been identified as a serious public health threat. Although there has been a rapid increase in the num
This is the third in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The design of the formative evaluation includes three province-wide compliance surveys of randomly selected tobacco vendors and public places (restaurants and bars): on
This report documents the scope of the contraband cigarette market in Ontario and quantifies the extent of use and the financial impact on tax revenues of one source of contraband tobacco products – cigarettes purchased on First Nations reserves. The report also describes the c
This is the second in a series of reports about the formative evaluation of the Smoke-Free Ontario Act (SFOA). The design of the formative evaluation includes three province-wide compliance surveys of randomly selected tobacco vendors and public places (restaurants and bars): o
The Ontario Tobacco Research Unit (OTRU) is a Canadian leader in tobacco control research, monitoring and evaluation, teaching and training, and is a respected source of science-based information on tobacco control. We also apply our skills to other areas of public health.