The following is a monthly list of selected journal articles and reports on tobacco topics. Please note that this list is not all-inclusive. We try to choose titles of interest to our tobacco control network, but we realize that there are many relevant articles that are not listed.
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The Canadian flag denotes a Canadian author and/or Canadian content.
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After a recent menthol ban in the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Nova Scotia, new research from OTRU working with the Institute for Global Tobacco Control (IGTC) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids found many menthol “replacement” packs are on sale. Almost 90 percent of the redesigned packs are marketed as a different, smooth alternative to menthol or regular cigarettes. While tobacco companies are technically complying with the regulations, words like “smooth” or “green” were included on the packs, making it easier for users to continue choosing menthol-type packs and to imply that some cigarettes are more refreshing or safe, potentially weakening the public health benefits of the ban on menthol. These data on the tobacco industry response can help inform the best way to make effective laws.
A series of papers on e-cigarettes came out in July. Bhatnagar and others reviewed the literature to suggest that there are substantial risks of cardiovascular disease from e-cigarettes. In contrast, a modelling study from Levy et al. suggested that the public health impact of e-cigarettes could be positive, even with substantial use of e-cigarettes among those who might not ever have smoked. The Annals of Family Medicine argued for and against clinicians recommending e-cigarettes to their patients who smoked. Finally, a study of grade 9 students in Niagara, Ontario showed high prevalence of e-cigarette use among students.
Bhatnagar A. E-cigarettes and cardiovascular disease risk: evaluation of evidence, policy implications, and recommendations. Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 2016 Jul 3;10(7):24 [Epub ahead of print].
Khoury M, Manlhiot C, Fan C-PS, Gibson D, Stearne K, Chahal N, et al. Reported electronic cigarette use among adolescents in the Niagara region of Ontario. Canadian Medicine Association Journal 2016 Jul 18 [Epub ahead of print].
Levy DT, Borland R, Villanti AC, Niaura R, Yuan Z, Zhang Y, et al. The application of a decision-theoretic model to estimate the public health impact of vaporized nicotine product initiation in the United States. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2016 Jul 14 [Epub ahead of print].
McNeill A. Should clinicians recommend e-cigarettes to their patients who smoke? Yes. The Annals of Family Medicine 2016 Jul 1;14(4):300-1. Meernik C, Goldstein AO. Should clinicians recommend e-cigarettes to their patients who smoke? No. The Annals of Family Medicine 2016 Jul 1;14(4):302-3.
Cessation — CT screening
Piñeiro B, Simmons VN, Palmer AM, Correa JB, Brandon TH. Smoking cessation interventions within the context of Low-Dose Computed Tomography lung cancer screening: A systematic review. Lung Cancer 2016 Aug;98:91–8.
Cessation — Diabetes
Register SJ, Harrington KF, Agne AA, Cherrington AL. Effectiveness of non-primary care-based smoking cessation interventions for adults with diabetes: A systematic literature review. Current Diabetes Reports 2016 Sep;16(9):81.
Cessation — Electrostimulation
Rachid F. Neurostimulation techniques in the treatment of nicotine dependence: A review. The American Journal on Addictions. 2016 Jul 1 [Epub ahead of print].
Cigarette Package Warning Labels
Noar SM, Francis DB, Bridges C, Sontag JM, Ribisl KM, Brewer NT. The impact of strengthening cigarette pack warnings: Systematic review of longitudinal observational studies. Social Science Medicine 2016 Jul 13 [Epub ahead of print].
Recent Work by Canadian Researchers
Cessation — Depression
Cooper J, Borland R, McKee SA, Yong H-H, Dugué P-A. Depression motivates quit attempts but predicts relapse: differential findings for gender from the International Tobacco Control Study. Addiction 2016 Aug;111(8):1438–47.
Cessation — Pregnancy
Bérard A, Zhao J-P, Sheehy O. Success of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2016 Jul [Epub ahead of print].
Cigarette Package Warning Labels
Cho YJ, Thrasher JF, Swayampakala K, Yong H-H, McKeever R, Hammond D, et al. Does reactance against cigarette warning labels matter? Warning label responses and downstream smoking cessation amongst adult smokers in Australia, Canada, Mexico and the United States. PLoS ONE 2016;11(7):e0159245.
Thrasher JF, Swayampakala K, Cummings KM, Hammond D, Anshari D, Krugman DM, et al. Cigarette package inserts can promote efficacy beliefs and sustained smoking cessation attempts: A longitudinal assessment of an innovative policy in Canada. Preventive Medicine 2016 Jul;88:59–65.
E-Cigarettes — Prevalence
Volesky KD, Maki A, Scherf C, Watson LM, Cassol E, Villeneuve PJ. Characteristics of e-cigarette users and their perceptions of the benefits, harms and risks of e-cigarette use: survey results from a convenience sample in Ottawa, Canada. Health Promotion Chronic Disease Prevention Canada Research Policy Practice 2016 Jul;36(7):130–8.
Global Health — Policy
Lencucha R, Drope J, Labonte R, Zulu R, Goma F. Investment incentives and the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Evidence from Zambia. Tobacco Control 2015 Jul;25(4):483–7 [Epub ahead of print].
Karp I, Sylvestre M-P, Abrahamowicz M, Leffondré K, Siemiatycki J. Bridging the etiologic and prognostic outlooks in individualized assessment of absolute risk of an illness: application in lung cancer. European Journal of Epidemiology 2016 Jul [Epub ahead of print].
Hammal F, Wild TC, Finegan BA. Knowledge about the waterpipe (hookah), a qualitative assessment among community workers in a major urban center in Canada. Journal of Community Health 2015 Aug;41(4):1–8.
Shareck M, Kestens Y, Vallée J, Datta G, Frohlich KL. The added value of accounting for activity space when examining the association between tobacco retailer availability and smoking among young adults. Tobacco Control 2015 Jul;25(1):1–7 [Epub ahead of print].