Evaluation of the Amended Toronto Smoke-Free Bylaws

  In collaboration with Toronto Public Health, OTRU conducted an evaluation of Toronto’s amended outdoor smoke-free bylaws. Findings suggest that the amended bylaws had a limited impact on smoking behaviour and exposure to secondhand smoke one year after implementation. Key succe
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Hookah in Toronto

This infographic is based on the findings of a study by OTRU researchers that assessed air quality using multiple ambient air measures and a biomarker for exposure in both indoor and outdoor waterpipe cafes in Toronto, Canada. Zhang B, Haji F, Kaufman P, Muir S, Ferrence R. ‘Enter at
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Tobacco Smoke Entering Homes in Multi-Unit Dwellings in Ontario

    Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is a long standing public health issue. The Smoke-Free Ontario Act protects many Ontarians from exposure to SHS in enclosed public places and workplaces including restaurants and bars, casinos, in vehicles, and in the common areas of multi-u
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CCHS Data on Smoking Prevalence and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Ontario: Provincial and Regional Estimates

  This update provides a brief overview of smoking prevalence and exposure to secondhand smoke in Ontario based on the findings of the recently released 2013 Canadian Community Health Survey. The last significant change in smoking prevalence was between 2008 and 2009 for the 12+
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Exposure to Secondhand Smoke on Patios

  The health risks of second hand smoke (SHS) are now well established; in many places, including the province of Ontario, most indoor public places such as workplaces, bars, and restaurants are covered under smoke-free ordinances. People in outdoor environments are also exposed
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Protection from Outdoor Smoking

  This update provides an overview of the issues surrounding exposure to outdoor smoking including the impacts of physical and social exposure, constituents of outdoor second hand smoke, potential harm to health, and impact on wildlife and the environment. Data from the 2012 CAMH
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Putting Thirdhand Smoke on the Policy and Research Agenda: Knowledge User Survey Results

  In response to growing concerns about third hand smoke (THS), OTRU hosted a workshop for public health, tobacco control policy, and research communities in May 2012, in Toronto. An online survey was circulated prior to the event to public health, healthcare and tobacco control
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Tobacco-Free Sports and Recreation Policies

  The main goal of this evaluation was to explore the implementation and impact of TFSR policies within the sport of hockey in four Ontario public health units (PHUs) and examine the barriers and facilitators in TFSR policy implementation. This report is intended to serve as a pr
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Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2012 Monitoring Update

  This update reviews current bans under the Smoke-Free Ontario Act and concludes that protection from secondhand smoke in Ontario is comparable to that of other Canadian jurisdictions, except for those with a complete ban on smoking on open patios. The update provides a summary
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Secondhand Smoke in Ontario Homes: Findings from a National Study

  A range of adverse health effects are caused by environmental tobacco smoke or secondhand smoke in adult non-smokers and in children. The purpose of this report is to provide new findings on attitudes and behaviours associated with secondhand smoke exposure in Ontario home envi
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Smoking in Outdoor Public Spaces: Behaviours and Experiences of Smokers and Nonsmokers

  This update highlights findings that were recently published in Kaufman P, Griffin K, Ferrence R, Cohen J, Perkins N. Smoking in Urban Outdoor Public Places: Behaviour, Experiences and Implications for Public Health. Health and Place 16: 961-968, 2010. Observation and interview
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Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2010 Monitoring Update

  There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. In addition to causing heart disease, cancer and premature death in nonsmoking adults, secondhand premature death in nonsmoking adults, secondhand smoke also causes sudden infant death syndrome, asthma and ear infections i
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Protection From Secondhand Smoke – 2009 Monitoring Update

  There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. In addition to causing heart disease, cancer and premature death in nonsmoking adults, secondhand premature death in nonsmoking adults, secondhand smoke also causes sudden infant death syndrome, asthma and ear infections i
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Full Report

  Based on a comprehensive review of all available evidence, including important recent evidence, the report of the Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk concludes that there is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and secondhand smok
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Executive Summary – English

  Tobacco smoke is one of the few modifiable risks for breast cancer and it impacts many women. Young women in particular, should understand that available evidence suggests that the relationship between breast cancer and both active smoking and SHS is consistent with causality.
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Executive Summary – French

  La fumée du tabac est l’un des rares risques modifiables associé au cancer du sein et à ses répercussions sur des nombreuses femmes. Les jeunes femmes en particulier devraient comprendre que les données disponibles semblent indiquer que le lien entre le cancer du sein et le tab
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Backgrounder

  In order to enhance our understanding of the relationship between breast cancer and tobacco smoke, an international Expert Panel met in November 2008 under the auspices of the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. The Panel brought together leading experts from Canada and the United S
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Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk – Press Release

  There is now enough scientific evidence to link both active smoking and second-hand smoke to breast cancer, according to an international panel convened by the Ontario Tobacco Research Unit. Related Publications: Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk 
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Reports Of Tobacco Smoke Entering Ontario Homes

  Most nonsmokers in Canada and the United States are protected from secondhand smoke exposure at work and in indoor public places, but many are still exposed to smoke entering their homes from neighbouring dwellings, shared indoor spaces, ventilation systems, and through windows
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Government Regulation of Tobacco Product Ingredients and Emissions

  There is growing discussion about tobacco product modification as a way to reduce the health risks to tobacco users and nonusers exposed to tobacco products. This Special Report discusses potential impacts of changes in tobacco product ingredients and emissions on population he
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Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2008 Monitoring Update

  Research shows there is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Concentrations can be especially high in cars (Sendzik et al. 2008). In addition to causing heart disease, cancer and premature death in nonsmoking adults, secondhand smoke also causes sudden infant death sy
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An Experimental Investigation of Tobacco Smoke Pollution in Cars

  This report presents the findings of a study examining levels of Tobacco Smoke Pollution in cars (TSP, also known as second-hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke). TSP has been identified as a serious public health threat. Although there has been a rapid increase in the num
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Protection from Secondhand Smoke – 2007 Monitoring Update

  There is no safe level of exposure to secondhand smoke. This Update outlines legislation to reduce or eliminate exposure to secondhand smoke in various locations in Ontario. Protection from secondhand smoke in Ontario is comparable to that of other Canadian jurisdictions, excep
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Secondhand Smoke Exposure at Building Entrances: A Public Health Concern

  It has been well established that there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke. Even brief exposure can trigger asthma attacks in children, and exposure can have immediate negative health impacts in adults including general respiratory and eye irritation, asthma symptoms
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The Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Legislation on the Hospitality Industry

  Over the past decade, many Canadian municipalities and some provinces have implemented smoke-free legislation to prohibit smoking in hospitality facilities to protect the public and workers from the harm caused by second-hand smoke. Yet, there is still concern in some quarters
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The Economic Impact of a Smoke-free Bylaw on Restaurant and Bar Sales in Ottawa, Canada

  The 1994 Ontario Tobacco Control Act empowered local municipalities to restrict smoking in workplaces and public places. Since then, 73 of 446 Ontario municipalities have implemented smoke-free bylaws in restaurants or both restaurants and bars. Beginning August 1st 2001, the C
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Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) in Ontario Homes: Behaviours and Beliefs About Health Risks

  Between May 2000 and December 2000, population-based data were collected by telephone interview with 1,285 Ontario residents 18 years or older regarding perceptions of environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke) and exposure in the home and smoking behaviours of household me
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Protection from Secondhand Tobacco Smoke in Ontario: A Review of the Evidence Regarding Best Practices

  This report reviews current knowledge about the health effects of involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke. It discusses the inadequacy of ventilation options for providing protection from involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke. Finally, the current status of legislative protection
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